Saturday, April 30, 2005
- Social bookmarking for academics:
- CiteULike: Richard Cameron designed an built it in November 2004 and has run privately since then. email@example.com
- Connotea: from Nature Publishing
- biologging: Alf Eaton's community website for biomedical researchers. This one has other features but works best with HubMed (it's a really cool alternative interface to NLM's PubMed
A major limitation of these services is that they do not easily capture bibliographic information about the references collected (author, title, sources, date, etc.). All of this information is invaluable for the more sophisticated search needs of academics. I might want, for example, to view only those articles written before 1999. Also, getting a bunch of links to articles on a web page is only half the battle. Eventually I'll want to use the citations in a paper. I'll need that bibliographic information.
Also, if I attempt to share citation links online I run smack into the old 'appropriate copy' problem. Maybe I point to a version of the article that's on the publisher's web site but your only access is via Academic Search Premier.
- CiteULike: Richard Cameron designed an built it in November 2004 and has run privately since then. firstname.lastname@example.org
- Latent OpenURLs
OpenURLs can, in theory solve both problems. They can capture that bibliographic data in a rule-governed format that makes harvesting bibliographic information a relatively straightforward process. And they include an element that refers to a link resolver.
Unfortunately, as they are most often generated now, OpenURLs bind the bibliographic information with identification of a specific link resolving systems that cannot, by definition, be relevant or useful to all readers. That is, to use OpenURLs I have to find a way to make them point to the right link resolver for different readers.
Latent OpenURLs come to the rescue. They provide a means for embedding metadata via OpenURL specs in regular HTML code without specifying the particular link resolving system to be called upon. Instead a reader's browser can, for example, use a bookmarklet or browser extension with a very simple java script to call the appropriate link resolver from a Latent OpenURL. (This is misleadingly simple. See Daniel Chudnov et al's article on this in issue 43 issue of Ariadne (April 2005) for a full discussion.)
So the social bookmarking manages intellectual access to the resources while Latent OpenURLs provide seamless/transparent linkage to the appropriate version of the resource cited.
Friday, April 29, 2005
The basic version of the device ncludes:
- monochrome screen
- 206 MHz processor
- 64 MB memory
- battery that lasts for 6 hours or more
Read about their view of universal access.
"The sub-£100 box, called Nivo, runs on open-source software and is known as a "thin client". Several can be linked up to a central "brain", or server.
Thin clients are not new, but advances have made them more user-friendly."
(£100 is about $190 today)
The product is called NIVO (Network In Video Out). It's a small device (12 X 8 X 2 cm or 4.75 X 3.15 X .75 inches) and that encases just a little more than ports for ethernet, monitor, keyboard & mouse. The next upgrade is planned to add sound and local USB ports. The more distant goal is to make NIVO a chip that goes in a monitor.
Ndiyo's vision for a networking architecture that it becoms "more affordable and sustainable, especially for the developing world." Have a look at their vision/presentation of the product.
Thursday, April 28, 2005
Sunday, April 24, 2005
Friday, April 22, 2005
Thursday, April 21, 2005
"The Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford in England is the only place you are likely to find an Ethernet port that looks like a book. Built into the ancient bookcases dominating the oldest wing of the 402-year-old library, the brown plastic ports share shelf space with handwritten catalogues of the university’s medieval manuscripts and other materials."
Man, that's better than our plain black tags. I wonder who did their graphics.
And, by the way, yes, they do still have some of their books chained to the shelf. There's cognitive dissonance for you--Chained books and ethernet ports on the same shelf.
I used this in grad school. Univ of Michigan has since phased it out and moved to a web-based e-mail program that has something to do with a squirell. This is funny if you know the library professor (who went to school at Hopkins) and feeds a squirell named Bucky and leaves her office window so he can come in and eat when she's out.
Tuesday, April 19, 2005
Intel's defense? "Mr. High, the Intel spokesman, says the company didn't know about other options for finding the journal..." Who do you think they asked? Another example of people thinking that if they know a lot about one thing they know a lot about everything. Arghhh.
Sue V reports that she got our copy from Gilman last Friday and it's now in the Cage.
RFID vulnerable to hacking: http://www.rfidgazette.org/security/
Sunday, April 17, 2005
Friday, April 15, 2005
Here's the announcement in March's D-Lib In-Briefs
In a msg to gcs-pcs, Tony Hammond, who one of the authors working on social bookmarking, writes:
These papers describe the current state of play with respect to the new crop of web-based bookmark managers - tools such as del.icio.us and Flickr are well-known exemplars of the genre. These papers describe how such tools can be specialized as web-based reference managers.... Bookmarked references can be shared with other users and can be publicly commented upon. In fact, whole discussion threads can be built up around individual bookmarked references. (The papers are set up as living examples with their own reference lists available online both for comment and further additions.) Import/export opportunities within Connotea include RSS and RIS - support for other formats is under development.
I love the idea that del.icio.us and Flickr are "well-known exemplars."
Wednesday, April 13, 2005
To make a Latent OpenURL in an HTML document, put an OpenURL into the "href" attribute of an HTML anchor ("a") tag with class (or maybe rel) attribute set to "Z3988" [the NISO OpenURL standard is Z39.88-2004 -- dump the punctuation and the year and you have Z3988]
This proposal grew out of a discussion on the gcs-pcs list about developing a bookmarklet for a simple appropriate-resolver prototype. Having a convention for embedding OpenURLs in plain HTML makes it easier to develop schemes (bookmarklets, plug ins, whatever) for activating the URL to call a link resover server. Should be of interest to publishers of various sorts.
It looks as if the folks on gcs-pcs are about ready to go public (goal is 1 May) so, if you want to get two cents in, or if you'd just like to get a clearer understanding of what this is all about. I recommend Eric's draft.
Tuesday, April 12, 2005
- French may have to buy compulsory biometric ID cards
Plan for compulsary ID card could go into effect in 2007
- LexisNexis data on 310,000 people feared stolen
Databases had been breached 59 times using stolen passwords, firm say
- A streaming XML technology mainly used for instant messaging
- the Linux of instant messaging
- an open, secure, ad-free alternative to consumer IM services like AIM, ICQ, MSN, and Yahoo
all this from the homepage of The Jabber SoftwareFoundation site
This is a review of the product
"Entrieva SemioTagger and Skyline
Purpose: A categorization and indexing engine and viewer that organizes unstructured text to allow it to be viewed and leveraged as business intelligence.
Starting Price: $75,000 per CPU plus 20% annual maintenance for which you receive SemioTagger, the Entrieva Software Development Toolkit, one Taxonomy Workbench seat, and 27 subject-area taxonomies.
$50,000 more buys Skyline, SemioMap, and SemioDiscovery. "
By Tony Byrne - March 2005 EContent vol 26, #3.
The article is about CMS usability but there are lots of interestin tidbits. For example
- Stev Krug of Dont' make me think. fame says that User Centered Design "is not an occupation but an approach...so I encourage people to go ahead and practice it without a license"
- as projects get larger (more people) the interface needs to get simpler "Put another way, the bigger the project, the less you should spend on a software solution."
- one way to judge the usability of a product you are looking to buy is to go to the training sessions for the various products.
- My favorite quote from the article: "In conference rooms around the word, authors are standing up and declaring, 'Our CMS tool sucks.'"
Monday, April 11, 2005
- How many angels can dance on the head of a pin (the real question was point of a needle)
- What is the capital of Liberia?
- What is the best Electronic Resource Management System -- after the useless sponsored links they pointed straight to the DLF standards page on ERMs
- Is my cat's medical care deductible --I got random stuff about cat care
The document version is for 2005. The spreadsheet version is summarizes the two reports previous to this one.
Friday, April 08, 2005
We need to do more cool stuff like this on the assesment front I think. Hull and the CREE project have received a tremendous number of responses from the survey, probably in part due to its ease of use. They also post survey links on their institutional webmail login page, which is a good idea. Maybe we can get IT@JH to do that for us!
Wednesday, April 06, 2005
From the Chronicle:
"President Jacques Chirac of France has asked the head of the country's national library and the minister of culture and communication to plan a French-led project that would make millions of European literary works accessible on the Internet.
"The move appears to be a response to a warning from Jean-Noël Jeanneney, president of the National Library of France, in an essay in the newspaper Le Monde in January. He said plans by Google and five leading academic institutions and libraries in the United States and Britain to digitize and make available online the content of millions of volumes posed a "risk of a crushing domination by America in defining the idea that future generations will have of the world" (The Chronicle, March 4).
"Mr. Jeanneney and Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres, the culture minister, met in March with Mr. Chirac, who told them to begin laying the groundwork for a European endeavor similar to the Google project."
Story at: http://chronicle.com/prm/weekly/v51/i31/31a02901.htm
Tuesday, April 05, 2005
If the reader has access to an openURL resolver then this Latent OpenURL idea comes to the rescue. To oversimplify, the link in html is an anchor that includes the openURL for the article but the OpenURL is preceeded by text that tells the viewing application to get specific information about the resolver that the reader has access to.
Eric Hellman of Openly Informatics has a page that sumarizes where the work stands now. There is a discussion of its development in the archives of the GCS-PCS list.*
Monday, April 04, 2005
The awards run from $5 for a single article to $1,500 each for the first 15 eligible works written for any single publisher. Payment to the author depends on a number of different factors like when the article was coppyrighted, how much the author was paid and when the article was published.
The case only covers works where the author was paid. It doesn't cover works like scholarly articles where the author doesn't receive direct compensation for the writing.
"no freelance author can sue either the database firms or the 36 publishers named in the suit for the material covered. Failure to take advantage of the claim process in the 120-day time period will vitiate the rights of any writers to further legal action against those parties. However, as Murray pointed out, publishers not named in the suit would still be vulnerable."
So, will we now find full content in fulltext databases? Maybe. Our one hope is that authors will "allow publishers and database firms to incorporate missing material into their databases. Since failure to grant future electronic rights permission knocks 35 percent off the fees paid to claimants, the authors should have sufficient motivation."
Sunday, April 03, 2005
Saturday, April 02, 2005
Copy of email summary and a link to go with.
At JHU we (the JH central IT department and the Library) are currently in the midst of providing a reference implementation of a portal, with the goal of demonstrating its features and getting buy-in from other departments and divisions to develop loosely coupled services using well-defined API's.
We chose uPortal for our reference implementation poortal platform due to its features, wide adoption, commitment to standards (supporting JSR168 portlets and WSRP for example), and existing community of implementors and developers.
One of the Very Important take-home points from the aforementioned demonstration will be to show interoperabilty between different portal implementations. The RI portal will be uPortal, but we hope to demonstrate that a single portlet can be implemented in a portal-platform-agnostic way, facilitating reusablity and reducing the vendor-lockin associated with proprietary commerial softare.